The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated the list of symptoms for COVID-19. Originally, the list of COVID-19 symptoms included:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Now added to the list of symptoms are:

  • Chills
  • Repeated shaking with chills
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • New loss of taste or smell

People who have any or all of the original symptoms or at least two of the updated symptoms may have COVID-19. It may take as many as two weeks for infected people to have symptoms. If you get sick, stay home and call your primary care doctor. Describe your symptoms and let them know you have or may have COVID-19.

Emergency warning signs for COVID-19 include:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • New confusion or inability to arouse
  • Bluish lips or face

Seek medical attention immediately if you have any of the emergency warning signs.

COVID-19 is highly contagious. The CDC recommends several ways to prevent contracting and spreading COVID-19.

Practice proper handwashing

Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Dispense hand sanitizer into hands and rub hands together until they are dry.

Wash or sanitize your hands often, and especially after returning from a public place, blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Avoid touching your face with unwashed hands.

Practice social distancing

Avoid crowds and mass gatherings. If you must go out, stay six feet away from other people whenever possible. Avoid people who have symptoms of coronavirus. Avoid touching high-touch public surfaces, like handrails. If you must touch a high-touch public surface, use a tissue or your sleeve as a barrier.

Wear a face covering

Wear cloth face coverings in public, especially when it is hard to practice social distancing. Cloth face coverings are not surgical masks or N-95 respirators. You can make cloth face coverings from household items. Facemasks are in short supply and should be saved for health care workers or people who are sick.

Cover coughs and sneezes

Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Use the inside of your elbow or a tissue. Throw used tissues in the trash.

Disinfect surfaces daily

Disinfect frequently touched surfaces every day. If surfaces are dirty, clean them with soap and water before disinfecting. Most EPA-registered disinfectants will work. Make sure to use disinfectants that are appropriate for each specific surface.